He attended various boarding schools before attending the Bombay University in 1942. In 1944, Patel graduated with a LLB in Law and Justice from the Bombay University. In 1945, Patel moved to Karachi where he began his legal practice in Sindh High Court. In 1946, Patel went to United Kingdom and attended the London School of Economics. In 1948, Patel received M.Sc. in Economics, followed by LLM in Law and Justice Development in 1949. He wrote his master's thesis on Pakistan economy and legal system in Pakistan. In 1950, he was called to the bar from Lincoln’s Inn where he was awarded JD in Law in 1953. Following completing his doctorate, dr. Patel returned to Karachi, West Pakistan where he began practicing law in West Pakistan High Court.