Psychological and behavioral treatments for migraine are described and evidence for their efficacy is reviewed. Treatments for children, adolescents, and the elderly, and for menstrual migraine are then discussed. Biofeedback, relaxation, and stress-coping treatments have all demonstrated effectiveness. These treatments are effective for the majority of migraine sufferers and treatment effects are reliably maintained for periods of at least one year. Little is known about the mechanism behind the efficacy of psychological treatments. Suggestions for future research on treatment mechanisms, enhancement of treatment effectiveness, and increasing the acceptance of psychological treatments are provided.